Alexander, D. E. (2013). Resilience and disaster risk reduction: an etymological journey. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 13(11), 2707-2716. doi:10.5194/nhess-13-2707-2013

Brend, Y. (Producer). (2017). Forget Smokey the Bear: How First Nation fire wisdom is key to megafire prevention. Retrieved from

Broughton, D., & McBreen, K. (2015). Mātauranga Māori, tino rangatiratanga and the future of New Zealand science. Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand, 45(2), 83-88. doi:10.1080/03036758.2015.1011171

Burke, J. (1994). Turtle Grove: Dartmouth's lost Mi'kmaq community. In A. Ruffman & C. D. Howell (Eds.), Ground Zero: A reassessment of the 1917 Explosion in Halifax harbour (pp. 45-53). Halifax: Nimbus Publishing Ltd.

Cashman, K. V., & Cronin, S. J. (2008). Welcoming a monster to the world: Myths, oral tradition, and modern societal response to volcanic disasters. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 176(3), 407-418. doi:

Constitution of the Iroquois Nation. (n.d.). Retrieved from

Coulter, A., Ruitenbeek, I., & Rutgers, J.-S. (2018). The story of Turtle Grove. The Signal. Retrieved from

Cruickshank, A. (2016, June 6, 2016). Shelter struggles to relocate Fort McMurray victims of domestic violence. Edmonton Journal. Retrieved from

Curtis, C. (2016). Doc tells story of Mohawk ironworkers who helped in wreckage of 9/11. Montreal Gazette. Retrieved from

Demont, J. (2017). Mi'kmaq returning to Turtle Grove. The Chronicle Herald. Retrieved from

Erikson, K. (1994). A new species of trouble : explorations in disaster, trauma, and community. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.

Harmsworth, G. (2003). Māori perspectives on Kyoto policy: Interim Results: Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions from the Terrestrial Biosphere Retrieved from Palmerston North:

Hiwasaki, L., Luna, E., Syamsidik, & Shaw, R. (2014). Process for integrating local and indigenous knowledge with science for hydro-meteorological disaster risk reduction and climate change adaptation in coastal and small island communities. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 10(Part A), 15-27. doi:

Kenney, C. M. P., Suzanne. (2015). A Māori love story: Community-led disaster management in response to the Ōtautahi (Christchurch) earthquakes as a framework for action. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 14(1), 46-55. doi:

Kronmüller, E., Atallah, D. G., Gutiérrez, I., Guerrero, P., & Gedda, M. (2017). Exploring indigenous perspectives of an environmental disaster: Culture and place as interrelated resources for remembrance of the 1960 mega-earthquake in Chile. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 23, 238-247. doi:

Lambert, S. (2014a). Indigenous Peoples and urban disaster: Māori responses to the 2010-12 Christchurch earthquakes. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 18(1), 39-48. doi:

Lambert, S. (2014b). Maori and the Christchurch earthquakes: the interplay between Indigenous endurance and resilience through a natural disaster. MAI Journal, 3(2), 165-180. 

Lambert, S. (2015). Indigenous communities and disaster research Third Sector Review, 21(2), 31-48.;dn=710423425577122;res=IELNZC;subject=Medical%20informatics 

Lambert, S. (2016). Post-disaster Indigenous Mental Health Support: Tangata Whaiora networks after the 2010-2012 Ōtautahi/Christchurch Earthquakes. MAI Review, 5(1), 76-91.

Linthicum, K. (2018, 12 September). Corruption caused the collapse of buildings in 2017 Mexico City earthquake, a new report finds. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved from

Manu, G., & Anshu, S. (2006). Compounded loss: the post tsunami recovery experience of Indian island communities. Disaster Prevention and Management: An International Journal, 15(1), 67-78. doi:doi:10.1108/09653560610654248

Marquardt, O. (1999). A critique of the common interpretation of the great socio-economic crisis in Greenland 1850-1880: The case of Nuuk and Qeqertarsuatsiaat. Inuit Studies, 23(1/2), 9-34.

Mavhura, E. M., Siambabala Bernard Collins, Andrew E. Manatsa, Desmond. (2013). Indigenous knowledge, coping strategies and resilience to floods in Muzarabani, Zimbabwe. International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 5(0), 38-48.


McAdoo, B., Dengler, L., Prasetya, G., & Titov, V. (2006). Smong: How an Oral History Saved Thousands on Indonesia’s Simeulue Island during the December 2004 and March 2005 Tsunamis. Earthquake Spectra, 22(S3), 661-669. 

Meyers, K. W., Puteri. (2008). Legend, ritual and architecture on the Ring of Fire. Retrieved from Geneva:

Molina, J. G. J., & Neef, A. (2016). Integration of Indigenous Knowledge into Disaster Risk Reduction and Management (DRRM) Policies for Sustainable Development: The Case of the Agta in Casiguran, Philippines. In J. I. Uitto & R. Shaw (Eds.), Sustainable Development and Disaster Risk Reduction (pp. 247-264). Tokyo: Springer Japan.

Patrick, B. (2017). Social and cultural impactas of the 2013 Bow River flood at Siksika Nation, Albert, Canada. Indigenous Policy Journal, 28(3).


Phibbs, S., Kenney, C., & Solomon, M. (2015). Ngā Mōwaho: an analysis of Māori responses to the Christchurch earthquakes. Kōtuitui: New Zealand Journal of Social Sciences Online, 10(2), 72-82.

Pollack, M. (2016). Reflections on urban migration. American Indian Culture and Research Journal, 40(3), 85-102.

Porter, J. (2017). First Nations say suicide crisis requires same response as natural disasters. Retrieved from

Quake prompts iwi to digitise records. (2012). Quake prompts iwi to digitise records. The Press. Retrieved from

Remes, J. (2014). Mi'kmaq in the Halifax Explosion of 1917: Leadership, Transience, and the Struggle for Land Rights. Ethnohistory, 61(3), 445-466. doi:10.1215/00141801-2681732

Rumbach, A. F., Dolores. (2014). Indigenous Institutions and Their Role in Disaster Risk Reduction and Resilience: Evidence from the 2009 Tsunami in American Samoa. Ecology and Society, 19(1). doi:10.5751/ES-06189-190119

Scharbach, J., & Waldram, J. B. (2016). Asking for a Disaster: Being “At Risk” in the Emergency Evacuation of a Northern Canadian Aboriginal Community. Human Organization, 75(1), 59-70. doi:10.17730/0018-7259-75.1.59


Schmunk, R. (2017). 'We're not leaving': Tempers flare between First Nation, RCMP amid wildfire evacuation order. Retrieved from


Scott, J. C., Cabello-Llamas, D., & Bittner, P. (2013). Engaging Indigenous Peoples in Disaster Risk Reduction. Centre for Public Service Communications. Washington. Retrieved from


Shaw, R., Lu, L., & Lian, F. (2017). Science Technology Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction: Asian and Pacific Perspectives. Retrieved from


Sidhu, S., Fore, C., Shore, J., & Tansey, E. (2017). Telemental Health delivery for rural Native American populations. In H. Jefee-Bahloul, A. Barkil-Oteo, & E. F. Augusterfer (Eds.), Telemental Health in Resource-Limited Global Settings (pp. 161-180). New York: Oxford University Press.


Spence, N., & White, J. (2010). Scientific Certainty in a Time of Uncertainty: Predicting Vulnerability of Canada's First Nations to Pandemic H1N1/09. International Indigenous Policy Journal, 1(1).


Syafwina. (2014). Recognizing Indigenous Knowledge for Disaster Management: Smong, Early Warning System from Simeulue Island, Aceh. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 20, 573-582. doi:

United Nations. (2014). Promotion and protection of the rights of indigenous peoples in disaster risk reduction, prevention and preparedness initiatives Retrieved from Geneva:


Wahlstrom, M. (2013). What can modern society learn from Indigenous resiliency? In K. M. Cahill (Ed.), History and Hope: the International Humanitarian Reader (pp. 335-337). New York: The Centre for International Humanitarian Cooperation.


Wannan, O. (Producer). (2015, August 16, 2018). Traditional Maori myths may hold clues to natural hazards. Retrieved from


Warick, J. (2018). Audit flagged double payments, missing money during FSIN candidate's term as Kawacatoose chief. from CBC/Radio-Canada


Wheeler, K. (2018). AMC and Canadian Red Cross to collaborate on emergency response training for First Nations in Manitoba [Press release]. Retrieved from

© 2023 by Nature Org. Proudly created with